Yet, many rock drawings have been found in the area which show herds of cattle and other animals, none of which are still to be found in the Sahara, and most of which are now extinct. These drawings were found close to Neolithic [concluding between 4500 and 2000 BCE, depending on the area] items of polished stone, including implements, vessels and even weapons, in both Western and Eastern Sahara.
The obvious conclusion is that the people in this area pastured a lot of animals in the area that is now the uninhabitable Sahara desert, within the last 6,000 years.
So what happened? Where did all the sand come from? Where did the all the open grassland and water go?
Firstly, let’s pin the dates of human habitation in the Sahara down a little more closely. Franz Karl Movers was a very well known orientalist, who maintained that the Saharan rock pictures had been done by the Phoenicians (L Frobenius and Douglas C Fox, Prehistoric Rock Pictures in Europe and Africa, 1937).
Here’s what Wikipedia has to say about them:
The people of Phoenicia, who flourished from 1200–800 BCE, created a confederation of kingdoms across the entire Sahara to Egypt. They generally settled along the Mediterranean coast, as well as the Sahara, among the people of ancient Libya, who were the ancestors of people who speak Berber languages in North Africa and the Sahara today, including the Tuareg of the central Sahara.
So what happened, and when did it occur?
Yet again, the versions of events told by modern science itself simply doesn’t add up. The ‘official’ version of events, given in the Encylopedia Britannica, ponderously states that:
“Long before recorded history, the Sahara was evidently more widely occupied. Stone artifacts, fossils, and rock art, widely scattered through regions now far too dry for occupation, reveal the former human presence, together with that of game animals, including antelopes, buffalo, giraffe, elephant, rhinoceros, and warthog.
“Bone harpoons, accumulations of shells, and the remains of fish, crocodiles, and hippopotamuses are associated with prehistoric settlements along the shores of ancient Saharan lakes. Among some groups, hunting and fishing were subordinated to nomadic pastoralism, after domesticated livestock appeared in the Sahara almost 7,000 years ago.”
But then, we have this from 2015, from Gavin Schmidt, a climate scientist at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies who explained that most scientists today believe “the Sahara dried up due to a change in the Earth’s orbit, which affects solar insolation, or the amount of electromagnetic energy the Earth receives from the Sun.”
He goes on to explain that:
“around 8,000 years ago, the Earth’s orbit was slightly different to how it is today. The tilt changed from around 24.1 degrees to the present-day 23.5 degrees. Additionally, the Earth had its closest approach to the Sun in the northern hemisphere (with) summer in August,” Schmidt said.
“Today, that closest approach is in January. So, summertime in the north was warmer back then than it is now.”
To put this another way, we have a NASA scientist admitting that 8,000 years ago (sic) ‘something’ changed the earth’s orbit and affected the planet’s climate so greatly, a huge tropical land mass the size of Europe dried up overnight and turned into a desert.
How does this fit with the theory of evolution, and the principle of ‘uniformity’ that is axiomatic to so much of modern scientific thought? Clearly, it doesn’t at all.
The fossil evidence, and NASA, and the Egyptian / Phoenician influences in the Saharan rock drawings all suggest this Sahara dried out in historical (i.e. modern) times.
Let’s go back to Velikovsky:
“It appears that a large part of the region was occupied by an inland lake, or vast marsh, known to the ancients as Lake Triton. In a stupendous catastrophe, the lake emptied itself into the Atlantic, and the sand on its bottom and shores was left behind, forming a desert when tectonic movements sealed off the springs that fed the lake. The land of ‘pastures and forests’ became a desert of sand.”
Lake Tritonis was a large body of fresh water in northern Africa that was described in many ancient texts. Classical-era Greek writers placed the lake in what today is southern Tunisia. In details of the late myths and personal observations related by these historians, the lake was said to be named after Triton.
The location is unclear. The lake is mentioned as being in Libya, a land the ancient Greeks believed encircled their world, "washed on all sides by the sea," Herodotus said, "except where it is attached to Asia." "In their knowledge, Libya extended from Ancient Egypt, the Nile Valley and its basin, to the Atlantic Ocean and along the south of Ancient Egypt."
Both Herodotus in the fifth century B.C. and Diodorus in the first century A.D. described the lake, Herodotus giving it an area of 2,300 km² (900 mi²), or, half the size of the contemporary United States state, Rhode Island.
“Beneath the sands of the Sahara Desert scientists have discovered evidence of a prehistoric megalake. Formed some 250,000 [sic] years ago when the Nile River pushed through a low channel near Wadi Tushka, it flooded the eastern Sahara, creating a lake that at its highest level covered more than 42,000 square miles.
“National Air and Space Museum Geologist Ted Maxwell and colleagues recently spotted evidence of the lake while studying radar data of Egypt taken by the Space Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Using images of wind-blown sediments, sediments produced by running water, and bedrock seen by radar beneath the desert sands, the geologists pieced together the profile of an ancient megalake."
So why are they skirting over the earlier dating - plus the huge number of historical accounts of a massive lake in this area - to claim these lakes are from the so-called ‘pleistocene’ era 250,000 years ago?
SAME IDEA, THIS TIME WITH THE ARABIAN DESERT
And it’s not only the Sahara desert that used to be lush, green pasture land and forest. We meet a similar story again, this time with the Arabian desert.
St John Philby wrote in his book Arabia in 1930 that it’s a:
“certainty beyond challenge that when the icecap of the last Glacial period covered a large part of the northern hemisphere (i.e. Europe), at least three great rivers flowed from west to east across the whole width of the [Arabian] Peninsula.”
Shortly after writing this, Philby returned to Arabia, to the ‘Wabar’ site. This is how Wikipedia describes his trek:
After a month's journey through wastes so harsh that even some of the camels died, on 2 February 1932 Philby arrived at a patch of ground about a half a square kilometre in size, littered with chunks of white sandstone, black glass, and chunks of iron meteorite.
Philby identified two large circular depressions partially filled with sand, and three other features that he identified as possible "submerged craters". He also mapped the area where the large iron block was reputed to have been found. Philby thought that the area was a volcano, and it was only after bringing back samples to the UK that the site was identified as that of a meteorite impact by Leonard James Spencer of the British Museum.”
Similarly, Bertram Thomas wrote in The Syrian Desert in 1937 that Arabia was once home to a large lake, that somehow disappeared.
There’s another strange phenomena to be found in the Arabian desert, called the ‘hammadas’ - 28 fields of broken and burned stones which sharp edges and black scorch marks. Some of these fields are huge - 100 miles in diameter - and the stones are packed so tightly within them they’re almost impossible to traverse. (See the pic, above).
These stones didn’t come from a volcano - there is precious little lava in the hammadas, and also the area covered by the stones is too large to be accounted for by a volcanic explosion that flung a mass of stones to the earth.
Back in 1955, Velikovsky summised the following about the hammadas:
“It appears that the blackened and broken stones of the harras [hammadas] are trains of meteorites, scorched in their passage through the atmosphere, that broke during their fall… or on reaching the ground. Billions of stones in a single harra indicate that the trains of meteorites were very large, and can be classified as comets.”
In 1966, a journalist working for National Geographic, Thomas J Abercrombie, went back to Wabar, and found the ‘biggest iron meteorite ever found in Arabia…its weight almost two and a half tons.’ A couple more large meteorites were duly uncovered in the desert sands at Wabar, and recovered for analyses.
If you want to know what these meteorites might have to do with the ‘missing’ Arabian lake somehow turning into the current Arabian desert, read on.
This from Wikipedia:
“The layout of the impact area suggests that the body fell at a shallow angle, and was moving at typical meteorite entry speeds of 40,000 to 60,000 km/h. Its total mass was more than 3,500 tonnes. The shallow angle presented the body with more air resistance than it would have encountered at a steeper angle, and it broke up in the air into at least four pieces before impact. The biggest piece struck with an explosion roughly equivalent to the atom bomb that levelled Hiroshima.”
“Fission-track analysis of glass fragments by Storzer (1965) suggested the Wabar impact took place thousands of years ago, but delicate glass filigree, and the fact that the craters have been filled-in considerably since Philby's 1932 visit, suggests their origin is much more recent. Thermoluminescence dating by Prescott et al. (2004) suggests the impact site is less than 250 years old.”
This might be the reason for the faulty ‘thermoluminescence dating’:
Thermoluminescence dating (TL) is the determination, by means of measuring the accumulated radiation dose, of the time elapsed since material containing crystalline minerals was either heated (lava, ceramics) or exposed to sunlight (sediments). As a crystalline material is heated during measurements, the process of thermoluminescence starts. Thermoluminescence emits a weak light signal that is proportional to the radiation dose absorbed by the material. It is a type of luminescence dating.
Different materials vary considerably in their suitability for the technique, depending on several factors. Subsequent irradiation, for example if an x-ray is taken, can affect accuracy, as will the "annual dose" of radiation a buried object has received from the surrounding soil. Ideally this is assessed by measurements made at the precise findspot over a long period.
This from Wikipedia:
In 1930, the explorer Bertram Thomas had been approaching the southern edge of the Rub' al Khali ("The Empty Quarter"). It was Thomas' ambition to be the first European to cross the great sands but, as he began his camel journey, he was told by his Bedouin escorts of a lost city whose wicked people had attracted the wrath of God and had been destroyed.
This from Wikipedia:
“Along the middle length of the desert there are a number of raised, hardened areas of calcium carbonate, gypsum, marl, or clay that were once the site of shallow lakes. These lakes existed during periods from 6,000 to 5,000 years ago and 3,000 to 2,000 years ago. The lakes are thought to have formed as a result of "cataclysmic rainfall" similar to present-day monsoon rains and most probably lasted for only a few years. However, lakes in the Mundafen area in the southwest of the Rub' al Khali show evidence of lasting longer, up to 800 years, due to increased runoff from the Tuwaiq Escarpment.
Evidence suggests that the lakes were home to a variety of flora and fauna. Fossil remains indicate the presence of several animal species, such as hippopotamus, water buffalo, and long-horned cattle. The lakes also contained small snails, ostracods, and when conditions were suitable, freshwater clams. Deposits of calcium carbonate and opal phytoliths indicate the presence of plants and algae. There is also evidence of human activity dating from 3,000 to 2,000 years ago, including chipped flint tools, but no actual human remains have been found.”
HIDING THE FACTS IN PLAIN VIEW
So, the scientists - lots of them - admit that the Southern Arabian Peninsula used to be lush, green areas covered with lakes, teeming with all sorts or animals, and lived in by human being between 2-3000 years ago (i.e. well within historical times - what’s being described post-dates the building of the Jewish first temple, in Jerusalem).
Then, everything changed overnight - but not by gradual drips and a creeping accumulation of sand. Rather, one big, ‘Hiroshima’ x 4 explosion hit the area, turning it into barren dust and desert overnight.
In 1966, they found four existing meteorites buried in the sand, but countless numbers more of them disintegrated upon impact and became the ‘hammadas’ or fields of meteoric rubble and scorched glass that litters the desert.
The following paragraph about the desert in question sums up modern science’s ‘schizo’ attitude to really understanding, and accurately dating, the history of the planet:
“It was long believed that the region had been this way since about 1600 BCE, after shifts in the Earth's axis increased temperatures and decreased precipitation, which led to the abrupt desertification of North Africa about 5,400 years ago. However, this theory has recently been called into dispute, when samples taken from several 7 million year old sand deposits led scientists to reconsider the timeline for desertification.
So how does that explain all the human settlement, and animal fossils, and 30,000 petroglyphs that date back to around 3,000 years’ ago? How did all that stuff come to be in a massive, inhospitable desert that’s 7 milllion years old [sic]?
It makes much more sense to say the following:
There have clearly been huge changes in the amount of water on the planet and in the atmosphere well within the last 6,000 and even 3,000 years. This will clearly effect the results for carbon 14 dating, and skew them to make substances being tested appear to be much older than they really are.
At the same time, any area that’s been hit with the force of (at least…) four Hiroshima nukes will clearly return very skewed data when it comes to other radiometric dating methods including thermoluminescence, which is what geologists typically use to date sediment and stuff like sand.
The Sahara and the Arabian deserts were paradises less than 6,000 years ago, and probably even less than 3,000 years ago. All this changed when the planet was hit by a meteor field that accompanied a massive comet, which came so close to the earth it ‘tilted the earth’s axis’ - there is no way this could happen from internal forces.
The last point to say is that all this completely contradicts the theories underpinning evolution, geochronology and the principle of uniformity.
Yet these are the facts.
So when are the scientists going to start figuring out this stuff for themselves?