One of the main things you can learn, especially if you visit their ‘human evolution’ pages is that they won’t let a complete lack of evidence or fraudulent fossils deter them from telling you the story they want you to hear about how humans ‘evolved’ (sic) down the course of millions of years (sic).
Here’s a little about what it tells us about ‘homo erectus’:
Where Lived: Northern, Eastern, and Southern Africa; Western Asia (Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia); East Asia (China and Indonesia)
When Lived: Between about 1.89 million and 143,000 years ago
Early fossil discoveries from Java (beginning in the 1890s) and China (‘Peking Man’, beginning in the 1920s) comprise the classic examples of this species.
Year of Discovery: 1891
History of Discovery:
Eugène Dubois, a Dutch surgeon, found the first Homo erectus individual (Trinil 2) in Indonesia in 1891. In 1894, Dubois named the species Pithecanthropus erectus, or ‘erect ape-man.’
Eugene Dubois was a student of Earnst Haeckel, who infamously forged a whole bunch of ‘embryo’ diagrams in a deliberate attempt to mislead the public into believing that embryos went through all the stages of evolution in the womb. Despite Haeckel’s forgeries being uncovered many decades ago, you’ll still find a whole bunch of people who point to Haeckel’s diagrams as ‘proof’ of macro evolution.
So Dubois was the student of an academic fraudster who was so ‘religious’ about his belief in evolution, he was willing to lie, cheat and falsify evidence to get the public to believe in it, too. And it seems as though Dubois was similarly inclined:
After years of [Dubois’] excavations with the assistance of forced laborers, they dug up a tooth and skullcap on the banks of the Solo River on Java island (an island of Indonesia). The skullcap was ape-like having a low forehead and large eyebrow ridges. The following year and about forty feet away, the workmen uncovered a thigh bone that was clearly human. Due to the close proximity of the find, Dubois assumed they belonged to the same creature. Dubois then named the find Pithecanthropus erectus (erect ape-man).
Brace and Montagu in 1977 state that: “Curiously, Dubois waited until the 1920s to also reveal he had found four more human thigh bones in the area where his Pithecanthropus material had been discovered.”
So there are a bunch of very well-known questions and doubts hanging over Dubois’ ‘Java Man’ from Indonesia, and there are other ‘irregularities’ associated with ‘Peking Man’, too.
"Strangely, every Peking fossil mysteriously disappeared in 1941, leaving students nothing to work on but casts …."
I.E. there were strong suspicions right from the beginning that these ‘fossils’ didn’t really stand up to any real scrutiny. But the Smithsonian Institute in 2017 isn’t breathing a word about these doubts to the poor, clueless reader.
Here’s another one of the Smithsonian’s line of apparent ‘ancestors’, discovered in 2003:
Nickname: the Hobbit
Where Lived: Asia (Indonesia)
When Lived: About 100,000 – 50,000 years ago
The diminutive stature and small brain of H. floresiensis may have resulted from island dwarfism—an evolutionary process that results from long-term isolation on a small island with limited food resources and a lack of predators. Pygmy elephants on Flores, now extinct, showed the same adaptation. The smallest known species of Homo and Stegodon elephant are both found on the island of Flores, Indonesia.
Evolutionary Tree Information:
… there has been considerable scientific debate over whether LB-1 (the holotype of Homo floresiensis) may represent a modern human with a disease or growth disorder, most scientists now recognize H. floresiensis as a valid taxon and a human species distinct from Homo sapiens.
Let’s try another apparent ‘ancestor’, to see if the evidence gets any more persuasive:
Nickname: Handy Man
Where Lived: Eastern and Southern Africa
When Lived: 2.4 million to 1.4 million years ago
This species, one of the earliest members of the genus Homo, has a slightly larger braincase and smaller face and teeth than in Australopithecus or older hominin species. But it still retains some ape-like features, including long arms and a moderately-prognathic face.
Its name, which means ‘handy man’, was given in 1964 because this species was thought to represent the first maker of stone tools. Currently, the oldest stone tools are dated slightly older than the oldest evidence of the genus Homo.
Year of Discovery: 1960
History of Discovery:
… Because this early human had a combination of features different from those seen in Australopithecus, Louis Leakey, South African scientist Philip Tobias, and British scientist John Napier declared these fossils a new species, and called them Homo habilis (meaning 'handy man'), because they suspected that it was this slightly larger-brained early human that made the thousands of stone tools also found at Olduvai Gorge.
Why exactly they decided that, we aren’t told.
The more I’m reading through all this paleontological and anthropological pseudo-science, the more I’m realizing how scientists hide so much of their unproven ‘assumptions’ and ‘beliefs’ behind some very big words, to make it much harder for the public to understand what’s really going on.
Here’s a few paleontological terms that will make it easier for the lay man (i.e. you and me…) to understand what we’re really reading:
Australopithecines: Are a bunch of remains that are essentially extinct APES, not humans.
Homo Erectus: Are a bunch of remains that are essentially HUMAN, not apes.
Pongid: Simply refers to apes / monkeys.
WHY ARE THESE SCIENTISTS SO KEEN TO ‘INVENT’ MISSING LINKS AND TWIST FOSSIL EVIDENCE AROUND IN SUCH A DISTORTED WAY?
After the ‘Piltdown Man’ fossil was revealed as a deliberate fraud, paleontologists had no ‘missing links’ to link humans to apes. As this was a key requirement for the theory of macro evolution, the search was on to find the ‘inevitable’ missing links. That’s what’s behind all these ‘assumptions’ and ‘beliefs’ about what these fossil researchers are pulling out of the ground.
‘Homo habilis’ is NOT an ‘early’ human, it’s an extinct monkey.
Another one of our ‘ancestors’ that was lauded as a missing link and highly publicized was ‘Lucy’ - who ended up being an extinct form of orangutan, and not an ‘early genus of human’, as all the scientists claimed.
Before we come on to more of a discussion as to what, exactly, is going on with these fossils, I want to tell you about ‘Ida’, as she came to be known, as it’s so instructive as to how scientists very publicly rush to claim ‘evidence’ for their false theories, and in so doing completely mis-lead the public about what’s really going on.
On May 19, 2009, the world woke up to the following stunning headlines (this is excerpted from an online article in The Guardian):
Tuesday 19 May 2009 15.30 BST
Scientists have discovered an exquisitely preserved ancient primate fossil that they believe forms a crucial "missing link" between our own evolutionary branch of life and the rest of the animal kingdom.
The 47m-year-old primate – named Ida – has been hailed as the fossil equivalent of a "Rosetta Stone" for understanding the critical early stages of primate evolution.
The top-level international research team, who have studied her in secret for the past two years, believe she is the most complete and best preserved primate fossil ever uncovered. The skeleton is 95% complete and thanks to the unique location where she died, it is possible to see individual hairs covering her body and even the make-up of her final meal – a last vegetarian snack.
"This little creature is going to show us our connection with the rest of all the mammals; with cows and sheep, and elephants and anteaters," said Sir David Attenborough who is narrating a BBC documentary on the find. "The more you look at Ida, the more you can see, as it were, the primate in embryo."
"This will be the one pictured in the textbooks for the next hundred years," said Dr Jørn Hurum, the palaeontologist from Oslo University's Natural History Museum who assembled the scientific team to study the fossil. "It tells a part of our evolution that's been hidden so far. It's been hidden because the only [other] specimens are so incomplete and so broken there's nothing almost to study." The fossil has been formally named Darwinius masillae in honour of Darwin's 200th birthday year.
So, are we all clear what got discovered here? THE missing link between humans and animals. And there’s a whole bunch of big names jumping up and down telling you that, and doing documentaries about ‘Ida’ and underlying very clearly that Darwin’s theory of evolution is right - coincidentally just in time for Darwin’s 200th birthday!
The ‘Ida’ documentary was a joint venture between the BBC and the History Channel, and drew many millions of viewers. Even Google got in on the PR campaign to introduce ‘Ida’ to the world, with a specially-designed link on its front page to celebrate the find, and National Geographic hailed ‘Ida’ as the ‘critical missing link species’.
Colin Tudge even wrote a popular book about Ida, called The Link: Uncovering Our Earliest Ancestor (Little Brown & Co, 2009), which is interesting because in that book even Tudge conceded that:
The primate fossil record is so sparse that only around fifty significant specimens exist from the past 5 million years. The most famous is Lucy, the 3.2 million year old australopithecine discovered by Donald Johanson in November 1974. Lucy revolutionized science by providing the first evidence of a primate that walked upright--a crucial link in our own evolution that distinguishes us from all other primates. But even Lucy, considered a remarkable specimen, was only 40 percent complete.
“Everyone agrees that from the neck up, "Lucy" was gorilla-like. Her brain size was about one-fourth the size of a human brain; her jaw was "U"-shaped, typical of gorillas; her teeth were large, far larger than those in humans.
From the neck down, nearly every: feature was likewise non-human. Australopithecus fossils, including those which are thought to be much more recent and therefore should be more human-like, have long, curved fingers and long, curved toes—well adapted to swinging from tree limb to tree limb.”
In a further twist on the 'Lucy' story, a recent re-analysis of the bones found that a baboon bone had somehow got snuck into the mix too... But I digress.
So the PR campaign to institute ‘Ida’ as a missing link was a great success! But there was just one problem with it: It was all a big lie.
Now, let’s fast forward a few months to March, 2010, when scientists from the University of Texas released the following conclusions about Ida:
"Recently Analyzed Fossil Was Not Human Ancestor As Claimed, Anthropologists Say"
A fossil that was celebrated last year as a possible "missing link" between humans and early primates is actually a forebearer of modern-day lemurs and lorises, according to two papers by scientists at The University of Texas at Austin, Duke University and the University of Chicago.
In an article now available online in the Journal of Human Evolution, four scientists present evidence that the 47-million-year-old Darwinius masillae is not a haplorhine primate like humans, apes and monkeys, as the 2009 research claimed.
They also note that the article on Darwinius published last year in the journal PLoS ONE ignores two decades of published research showing that similar fossils are actually strepsirrhines, the primate group that includes lemurs and lorises.
"Many lines of evidence indicate that Darwinius has nothing at all to do with human evolution," says Chris Kirk, associate professor of anthropology at The University of Texas at Austin. "Every year, scientists describe new fossils that contribute to our understanding of primate evolution. What's amazing about Darwinius is, despite the fact that it's nearly complete, it tells us very little that we didn't already know from fossils of closely related species."
Of course, no-one bothered to set the public straight about that. National Geographic didn’t run a new article apologizing for misreading its readers, and the BBC and the History Channel didn’t see fit to run a new documentary exploring fraudulent discoveries of ‘missing links’. The public - millions of them - was left with the very clear impression that yet another ‘missing link’ to prove Darwin’s theory of evolution had been found.
So, what’s the real explanation for what’s going on with all these bones and fossils that show a slightly different skull or skeleton from what science considers to be a ‘modern’ human being?
In 1994, scientist Bill Mehlert wrote:
“The pendulum is now swinging to the view that most, if not all erectus specimens are indeed full members of the human race. With the discovery of the Turkana “Boy” WT 15000 in 1984 in Kenya, it is no longer possible to hold to the position that Homo erectus was only a large-brained pongid (ape).
“In evolutionary circles it is becoming increasingly common to argue that although H. erectus forms are still on the “road” from ape to human, the morphological distinctions between all human-type forms are insufficient to justify a separate species classification for erectus - that is, that all post-habiline forms (erectus, archaic and modern sapiens plus the Neanderthals), could be subsumed into a single species -H. sapiens, with a subspecific distinction at most…”
And the ‘human ancestors’ (sic) that are called austalopithecines and habilines (after the homo habilis you read about above) - are all just extinct apes. This view is held by a number of scientists, including DT Gish (Evolution: The Challenge of the Fossil Record), M Lubenow (Bones of Contention), GJ Beasley, Cherfas and Gribbin (Descent of man or ascent of ape? New Scientist 91)
Again, to quote Mehlert:
“[T]here are human skulls in Australia, dated as modern, which exhibit clear and unambiguous erectus features. Found in Victoria (Kow Swamp), and New South Wales (Willandra Lakes, Mungo), several of these Australian aboriginal remains have fully modern human-sized brains of around 1250cc, yet they all possess the heavy supraorbital tori, flattish receding foreheads, prognathic faces, and large jaws so typical of the earliest and the latest erectus specimens.”
I.e., home erectus was just a type of modern aboriginal man.
This point was proved, ironically enough, by Professor Reiner Protsch, a ‘carbon dating expert’ who managed to fraudulently convince the whole anthropological world that he’d found the ‘missing links’ between human and ‘neanderthals’ by passing off modern skulls as ancient fossils:
“[A] university inquiry was told that a crucial Hamburg skull fragment, which was believed to have come from the world's oldest German, a Neanderthal known as Hahnhöfersand Man, was actually a mere 7,500 years old, according to Oxford University's radiocarbon dating unit. The unit established that other skulls had been wrongly dated too.
Another of the professor's sensational finds, "Binshof-Speyer" woman, lived in 1,300 BC and not 21,300 years ago, as he had claimed, while "Paderborn-Sande man" (dated at 27,400 BC) only died a couple of hundred years ago, in 1750.
"It's deeply embarrassing. Of course the university feels very bad about this," Professor Ulrich Brandt, who led the investigation into Prof Protsch's activities, said yesterday. "Prof Protsch refused to meet us. But we had 10 sittings with 12 witnesses.” - as reported in The Guardian, 2005
“…the so-called “primitive” erectus and Neanderthal features are almost entirely due to the functioning of the jaw mechanism which would affect the size and shape of brow ridges, the forehead and the zygomatic arch.”
When people eat uncooked, or partially-cooked food in childhood (which could happen a lot in times of food shortage, war or severe economic distress), this strengthens and enlarges the jaw mechanism, which in turn leads to the forehead becoming ‘flatter’, which in turn makes the brow ridges stick out, forces the zygomatic arch out, and leads to flattened cheek bones and squarer faces.
If a person was severely lacking in Vitamin D, that could also lead to a great many of the characteristics associated with ‘neanderthals’. Even today, a lack of Vitamin D is behind such bone mis-shaping diseases as rickets - and even today, there are a whole bunch of people walking around the modern world with so-called ‘homo erectus’ or ‘neanderthal’ features, i.e. massive brow ridges, flattened foreheads, a poorly defined chin, and a large lower jaw.
(In fact, an article in Nature magazine in 1971, bore the headline: “Neanderthals had rickets”.)
So to sum things up, ‘neanderthal man’ is just a variant of you and me. And increasing numbers of scientists who still hold by evolution think this, too:
One of the world’s foremost authorities on the Neanderthals, Erik Trinkaus, concluded:
“Detailed comparisons of Neanderthal skeletal remains with those of modern humans have shown that there is nothing in Neanderthal anatomy that conclusively indicates locomotor, manipulative, intellectual or linguistic abilities inferior to those of modern humans (1978, 87:58).
“[E]volutionists Klein, Geist, Angel and Wright... have all produced non-evolutionary theories which explain Neanderthal features. (It appears that what evolutionists see as “primitive” or ape-like features are nothing more than climatic, dietary or other pathological effects on individuals of a population, allowing also for some degree of racial or genetic variation. These explanations can account for all four groups -erectus, archaic, Neanderthal and the “modern” erectus forms such as Kow Swamp.)”
Milford Wolpoff of Michigan University and Alan Thorne of the Australian National University are now “… proposing nothing less than the complete abolition of Homo erectus on the grounds that the species is insufficiently distinct from Homo sapiens. All fossil specimens of Homo erectus and archaic Homo sapiens (including Neanderthals), … should be reclassified into a single species, Homo sapiens, that is, subdivided only into races.”
“Even as a young girl, Louisa Smith had never been happy with the rather masculine shape of her face and felt self-conscious of her square jaw by the time she reached her teens.”
To cut a long story short, Louisa suffered from bruxism throughout her childhood, i.e. she ground her teeth. When she went to get a botox treatment to ‘soften’ her jaw, within six weeks she’d lost that angular-jawed look we associate with Neanderthals, and her face had instantly slimmed down to ‘normal’ and modern looking.
You can see the before and after pictures for yourself HERE, and also below:
You can learn a lot at the Smithsonian Institute, not least, how much misinformation, distorted information and outright lies they - and other 'scientific' institutions like National Geographic and the Nature Channel - are feeding the public dressed up as unvarnished ‘truth’ and scientifically-proven ‘facts’ about evolution.